The number of ADHD medication options is staggering, and finding the right treatment feels overwhelming at times. Here, an ADHD specialist explains the stimulant and nonstimulant options for adults and children in terms we can all understand. The number of medications available to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD or ADD is overwhelming at best, and the process for selecting the best ADHD medication for you or your child, or deciding to medicate at all, is incredibly personal. ADHD medication is also often accompanied by behavioral therapy and other non-pharmacological treatments. Unlike most stimulants, Jornay PM is taken in the evening; the medication begins working by the time the patient wakes and through the rest of the day.
ADHD can be managed with the right treatment. There are many treatment options, and what works best can depend on the individual child and family. For children with ADHD younger than 6 years of age, the American Academy of Pediatrics AAP recommends parent training in behavior management as the first line of treatment, before medication is tried. For children 6 years of age and older, the recommendations include medication and behavior therapy together — parent training in behavior management for children up to age 12 and other types of behavior therapy and training for adolescents. Schools can be part of the treatment as well.
Some medicines need to be taken every day, but some can be taken just on school days. Treatment breaks are occasionally recommended to assess whether the medicine is still needed. If you were not diagnosed with ADHD until adulthood, a GP and specialist can discuss which medicines and therapies are suitable for you. If you or your child is prescribed one of these medicines, you'll probably be given small doses at first, which may then be gradually increased.
Although there is a significant amount of research on medication treatment for children with ADHD, much less controlled research data has been conducted on medication therapy in adults. However, medication improves attention and reduces impulsivity in adults who have been correctly diagnosed with ADHD. Adults with ADHD may also frequently have other conditions such as depression or anxiety that may require additional treatment. Thus, it is not like an antibiotic that may cure a bacterial infection, but more like eyeglasses that help to improve vision only during the time the eyeglasses are actually worn.